During the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Chechnya declared independence. In 1992, Chechen and Ingush leaders signed an agreement splitting the joint Chechen-Ingush republic in two, with Ingushetia joining the Russian Federation and Chechnya remaining independent. The debate over independence ultimately led to a small-scale civil war since 1992, in which the Russians supported the opposition forces against Dzhokhar Dudayev. Thousands of people of non-Chechen ethnicity (mostly Russians) fled the Chechen Republic and Chechnya's industrial production began failing after Russian engineers and workers fled or were expelled. The First Chechen War began in 1994, when Russian forces entered Chechnya to "restore constitutional order". Following nearly two years of brutal fighting, in which an estimated tens of thousands to more than 100,000 people died, and the 1996 Khasavyurt ceasefire agreement, the Russian troops were withdrawn from the republic.
The Second Chechen War, in a later phase better known as the War in the North Caucasus,  was launched by the Russian Federation starting August 26, 1999, in response to the Invasion of Dagestan by the Islamic International Peacekeeping Brigade.
On 1 October Russian troops entered Chechnya. The campaign ended the de facto independence of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and restored Russian federal control over the territory. Although it is regarded by many as an internal conflict within the Russian Federation, the war attracted a large number of foreign fighters.
During the initial campaign, Russian military and pro-Russian Chechen paramilitary forces faced Chechen separatists in open combat, and seized the Chechen capital Grozny after a winter siege that lasted from late 1999 to the following February 2000. Russia established direct rule of Chechnya in May 2000 and after the full-scale offensive, Chechen militant resistance throughout the North Caucasus region continued to inflict heavy Russian casualties and challenge Russian political control over Chechnya for several more years. Some Chechen separatists also carried out terrorist attacks against civilians in Russia. These terrorist attacks, as well as widespread human rights violations by Russian and separatist forces, drew international condemnation.
As of 2009, Russia has severely disabled the Chechen separatist movement and large-scale fighting has ceased. Russian army and interior ministry troops no longer occupy the streets. The once leveled city of Grozny has recently undergone massive reconstruction efforts and much of the city and surrounding areas have been rebuilt at a quick pace. However sporadic violence still exists throughout the North Caucasus; occasional bombings and ambushes targeting federal troops and forces of the regional governments in the area still occur.
On 16 April 2009, the counter-terrorism operation in Chechnya was officially ended. As the main bulk of the army was withdrawn, the burden of dealing with the ongoing low-level insurgency mainly fell on the shoulders of the local police force. Three months later, the exiled leader of the separatist government, Akhmed Zakayev, called for a halt to armed resistance against the Chechen police force starting on August 1, and said he hoped that "starting with this day Chechens will never shoot at each other".
Battle vs. FARC (by Samurai234)Edit
In a dense jungle, five FARC soldiers are discussing among themselves about a future attack on the colombian military building. Unaware to them, they are being watched by five Checen rebels, who are planning to help kill the FARC members.
"Таким образом они - парни, а?" asks one of the rebels. "Они не делают настолько жесткий. Я буду хлюпать эти ублюдки одной одной рукой, связанной позади моей спины!"
"Не становитесь дерзкими." replies the leader. "Они, возможно, не выглядят настолько жесткими, но взгляды могут обманывать. Держите ваше основание, мужчин."
They move in very carefully, hiding behind trees, trying not to attract attention. One rebel, armed with a Makarov, raises the pistol, ready to fire.
"Не стреляйте, пока я не говорю так." Says the leader. The rebel nods.
One FARC member grabs his AK-47, and loads a clip in it. The Rebel leader snaps his fingers. "Теперь!!!" he yells.
"¡Fuego atrás! ¡Fuego atrás!" yells the FARC leader. The two teams enter a short firefight. The rebel with the Makarov countines to fire the pistol, but a FARC member armed with a Uzi riddles him bullets. (4-4) The firefight ranges on, but one rebel armed with a PKM takes out another FARC member. (4-3)
Meanwhile, two FARC members sneak away from the battle, and try to get to better ground. However, a rebel armed with a AK-101 takes out one of them. (4-2) However, he is taken out by the other FARC man with his AK-47. (3-2) The FARC member pull out his SIG Sauer P226 and spots another rebel. He fires off three shots and takes him out. (2-2) He smiles at his work but he runs into the rebel leader with a Borz, who riddles his body with multiple rounds. (2-1)
The FARC leader runs to a garage with another rebel on his tail. Suddenly, the FARC leader comes out holding a FGM-148 Javelin! The rebel runs away in fear, but the FARC leader fires a rocket and blows him up, his body parts flying everywhere. (1-1)
The FARC leader SIG Sauer P226 and searches for the Rebel leader. Suddenly, he is shot in the leg and falls over. Suddenly, he sees the rebel leader holding an AK-101 with a GP-30. He says, "Улыбка, Вы сукин сын!" and fire a grenade at him, blowing him up. (1-0)
The rebel raises his fist in the air and yells "Chechnya!".
Winner: Chechen Rebels
The experts thought the Chechen Rebels had weapons which were more effective in Guerrilla fighting tactics. The training and experience were nearly equal, so it all came down to the arsenal.
IRA: 12345 Chechen Rebels: 12345
Five Chechen Rebels are planning a raid on an Irish army base. They are at the front gate when a shot rings out. The rebels take cover as the IRA sniper tries to find a target with his G3S/1. The Chechen sniper aims his Dragunov SVD and misses the IRA fighter. Neither sniper manages to get a hit with their rifles. The leader of the Chechen Rebels yells loudly in Russian, "Fuck this." He lifts his RPG-7 and blows the IRA sky high.
Chechen Rebels: 12345
The sniper abandons the SVD for his Borz SMG. He breaches the door to meet the IRA leader with a remote control. He starts to run when the Pipe Bomb explodes and kills him.
Chechen Rebel: 1234
As the rest of the IRA burst into the room, the Chechen Rebels open fire with their AK-101s. An Irishman falls.
Chechen Rebels: 1234
The IRA leader aims his AR-18 and kills a Chechen Rebl before he orders the men to fall back.
Chechen Rebels: 123
The rest of the Chechen Rebels advance cautiously. An IRA rebel aims a G3S/1 sniper rifle at him and gets a headshot.
Chechen Rebels: 12
The Chechen leader quickly aims his Borz SMG and kills the IRA man.
Chechen Rebels: 12
The dying man aims draws his MAC-10 and kills the last Chechen regular with him.
Chechen Rebels: 1
The two remaining IRA rebels search a hall when the Chechen leader jumps out of a closet and stabs the IRA regular.
Chechen Rebels: 1
The IRA leader draws his KA-BAR knife and makes a thrust. The Chechen Rebel dodges this with ease and feints a slash. He then tackles the Irishman. He knees him in... a place. As the Chechen holds the Hunting Knife at the throat of the IRA soldier. the man says this, "What the bloody hell is wrong with you?! You don't knee a guy in his bollocks!" The Chechen merely shrugs and slashes the Hunting Knife across the Irishman's throat.
Chechen Rebels: 1
The Chechen leader yells "Chechnya!" in victory.
Winner: Chechen Rebels
The experts agreed that despite the IRA's victory over the United Kingdom, the sheer better weaponry of the Chechen Rebels and their more brutal fighting style won them this battle.