Fight, gentlemen of England! fight, bold yeomen! Draw, archers, draw your arrows to the head!
— William Shakespeare, Richard III

The longbow is a well-known bow and arrow known for its use by British forces in the Hundred Years War at battles such as Crecy and Agincourt.

The longbow was generally about five to six feet long, the length allowing for greater draw strength. The bow is described by a period source, Gaston III, count of Foix in 1380 as "of yew or boxwood, seventy inches [1.78 m] between the points of attachment for the cord".

The bow was used in warfare in England from about 1280 to 1600. The weapon saw extensive use first by Welsh rebels against the English, and later British forces in various conflicts including the invasion of Scotland and later the Hundred Years War. The longbow saw limited use in the English Civil War, however, by then, it had been largely supplanted by the Matchlock Musket.

Since then, the longbow as used in hunting. The longbow would however, go into battle one last time, in the hands of eccentric WWII Commando Lieutenant Colonel Jack Churchill, who carried a claymore and a longbow into battle along with his standard issue firearms, and even killed a German feldwebel (sergeant) with the longbow, becoming the only soldier to kill an enemy with a longbow in World War II.