The Jacobite Risings were a series of uprisings, rebellions, and wars in Britain and Ireland occurring between 1688 and 1746. The uprisings were aimed at returning James VII of Scotland and II of England, and later his descendants of the House of Stuart, to the throne after he was deposed by Parliament during the Glorious Revolution. The series of conflicts takes its name from Jacobus, the Latin form of James.
The major Jacobite Risings were called the Jacobite Rebellions by the ruling governments. The "First Jacobite Rebellion" and "Second Jacobite Rebellion" were known respectively as "The Fifteen" and "The Forty-Five", after the years in which they occurred (1715 and 1745).
Although each Jacobite Rising had unique features, they were part of a larger series of military campaigns by Jacobites attempting to restore the Stuart kings to the thrones of Scotland and England (and after 1707, Great Britain). James VII of Scotland and II of England was deposed in 1688 and the thrones were claimed by his daughter Mary II jointly with her husband, the Dutch-born William of Orange.
After the House of Hanover succeeded to the British throne in 1714, the risings continued, and intensified. They continued until the last Jacobite Rebellion ("the Forty-Five"), led by Charles Edward Stuart (the Young Pretender), who was soundly defeated at the Battle of Culloden in 1746. This ended any realistic hope of a Stuart restoration.
Battle vs. Minutemen (by Samurai234)Edit
Five Minutemen are walking across a valley, lost and wondering where to go. Up ahead, five Jacobite Rebels are walking from a camp, after defeating a group of british soldiers. The Minutemen see the rebels, and walk up to them to ask for directions. The Jacobite Rebels mistake them for a enemies, and fire on the Minutemen with their Firelock Muskets, killing one of them. (4-5) The Minutemen retreat back and hide. One of them pops out and fires Kentucky Long Rifle at a rebel amd kills him. (4-4) Another Minuteman unfolds his Folding Pike and charges at a Jacobite Rebel with a Lochaber axe and stabs it through his heart, causing the scotsman to choke on his blood. (4-3) He tries to kill another rebel, but rebel man pulls out a Flintlock Pistol and shoots him in the head. (3-3) He picks up his dead parthner's axe and charges toward another Minuteman. He swings the axe down and chops the man in half. (2-3) Another Minuteman quickly spots him though and shots him in the head with his blunderbuss pistol. (2-2)
The last two Minutemen are running, trying to find the other rebels. Another rebel comes out from behind a rock and slashes one of the Minutemen in the neck with his Broadsword. (1-2) The other Minuteman pulls out his Colichemarde and stabs the rebel in the stomach. (1-1)
He turns and sees the last rebel charging at him with a Broadsword. They eneter and short fight, struggling and pushing as they clash. Suddenly, the rebel pulls out his dirk and stabs the Minuteman in his thigh. He prepares to finish him off, but the Miniute regains his strenght and blocks the attack. He then pulls out his Iriquois Knife and stabs the rebel in his neck. (1-0)
He raises his fist in the air and yells "Long Live America!"
While the Jacobite Rebels had far superior melee weapons, the Minutemen had much more accurate long range weaponry that, along with their mastery of unconventional warfare, allowed them to pick off their foes from a distance.