During the second half of the 19th century Colombia went through many political changes and struggles to define itself as a nation. Tensions between the two main political parties, the Colombian Liberal Party and the Colombian Conservative Party, escalated to numerous civil wars trying to establish a political system between federalism or centralism and other major differences.
The National Police of Colombia was established by Law 90 of 1888 to be under government orders and as a dependency of the then Ministry of Government intended to function as a gendarmerie for Bogota.
When the most intense of the civil wars broke out, known as the Thousand Days War (1899–1902), the National Police was once again assigned to the Ministry of War until September 6, 1901. Under the Decree 1380 of September 16, 1902 the National Police created the Presidential Palace Honor Guard Corps with the name Guardia Civil de la Ciudad de Bogotá (Civil Guard of the City of Bogotá).
During the presidency of Rafael Reyes, the government authorized by decree 743 of 1904, the transfer of the Police to the Ministry of War, with the president micro-managing the institution. By authorization of Law 43 the Judicial Commissary of Police was established under the dependency of the General Command of the National Police to investigate crimes within its jurisdiction.
From 1906 to 1909 the government created a cloned institution with similar functions to the National Police named the National Gendarmerie Corps (Cuerpo de Gendarmeria Nacional) intended to function decentralized from the National Police command and more militarized regime, managed by the Ministry of War. When General Jorge Holguín suppressed the National Gendarmerie Corps, the province governors were given the authority to organize police services at their own will.
The National Police of Colombia are still active today, and still do superbly in their ever-dangerous, ever-demanding job of making the tough streets of Colombian cities a safer place to live.
(All but last paragraph from the National Police's Wikipedia page, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Police_of_Colombia)
Battle vs. Icelandic National Police (by The Deadliest Warrior)Edit
National Police of Colombia:
Five members of the Icelandic National Police are investigating a small district building, unaware that six members of the National Police of Colombia are doing the same. One other Icelandic cop is manning a GAU-19 outside.
The Colombians split up, going into different sections of the building. One spots an Icelandic policeman down the hall and throws an M69 grenade at him. The grenade puffs out iin a big cloud of smoke and the man looks around wildly, confused. The Colombian quickly kills him with a burst of fire from the MP5 submachine gun.
Two Icelandic cops spot two Colombians and open fire with their HK-G36 assault rifles, killing one. The other Colombian returns fire with his Galil, and the two Icelandic police retreat to an elevator. The Colombian policeman fires until his clip runs out, and by the time he has reloaded the Icelandic police have escaped in the elevator.
As one of the Colombians is passing by the elevator, the doors open and the Icelandic police shoot him. One leaves quickly, and the other is suddenly caught in an explosion that renders the elevator useless and kills him. The Colombian who fired the shot, with his MK 19 grenade launcher, hurries off in pursuit after his escaped opponent.
The Colombian sniper is on the roof, aiming down off the building at the gatling-gun-operating Icelander. As the man swivels and exposes his head, the Colombian wastes no time in splattering his brains on the machine he was using. The Colombian smiles to himself, but turns around only to find another Icelander aiming his revolver at him. The sniper barely rolls aside and pulls out his Sig Sauer PP26, and the pair exchanges fire until the Icelandic policeman runs out of ammo. The Colombian fires his pistol, catching the Icelander in the neck and dropping him. As he examines the body to make sure he is dead, he notices an F1 grenade roll at his feet. The explosion throws the sniper off the building to his death, and the Icelandic policeman who threw it, the chief to be exact, ducks back in the building to check on the rest of his team.
The Icelandic police chief, carrying a Mossberg 500 shotgun, runs down the stairwell and engages in a gunfight with two more Colombian cops. They both carry Galils, giving them the range advantage, but the Icelander manages to close the distance and blows a hole in one of the Colombian’s chest before he is wounded by the other Colombian.
The Icelandic sniper is sneaking through the building when shots ring out and he falls, riddled with bullets by the Colombian police chief and his MP5 submachine gun. The Colombian runs up the stairs when he hears gunshots, and stumbles upon the body of his comrade killed with the shotgun. Sadly shaking his head, he ears another gunshot and a scream of pain cut short. The Icelandic chief runs out and is caught off-guard by the Colombian chief, who fires and wounds his legs, dropping the Icelander.
Wincing in pain, the Icelander weakly reaches for his sidearm in his holster, but the Colombian chief steps on his chest and aims his gun at his opponent’s head, fires several times, and stops only when he has runs out of ammo. The Icelandic chief’s head is a bloody mess.
The Colombian steps aside, shouts, “Dios y Patria!!!” (God and Fatherland!!!) and walks out of the building, mourning his dead comrades.
Those who voted for the Colombians claimed that their superior training and every-day experience with dangerous combat situations would leave them victorious over their opponents, and they were right.